- acoustic guitars
- bass guitars
- classical guitars
- electric guitars
Musima was an East German instrument manufacturer located in Markneukirchen. This southern part of Saxony (the Vogtland), near the Czech border, has a long history as a centre of luthiery due in part to the nearby forests of spruce perfect for violins. The area was settled in the late 1600s by Protestant violin makers. Escaping persecution in their native Bavaria they established a violin makers' guild and by the mid to late 1800s Markneukirchen was the largest producer of violins.
After World War II this area became part of communist East Germany. Many of the luthiers left the area and settled in the area of Erlangen in West Germany. The remaining instrument makers were organised into collectives and the Musima factory established in 1952 first as VEK but soon the name was changed to VEB Musima. At its peak in the 1960s and 1970s, the Musima factory was one of the world's largest musical instrument manufacturers with around 1200 employees making 360 guitars per day, as well as other instruments. When East and West Germany combined in 1990 the Musima factory soon closed - its factory buildings were bought by the Harmona accordion company.