Blind Roosevelt Graves


musical style: 

photograph of Blind Roosevelt Graves

Roosevelt Graves (December 9, 1909, Meridian, Mississippi – December 30, 1962, Summerland, Mississippi) was an American blues guitarist and singer who recorded both sacred and secular music in the 1920s and 1930s.

On all his recordings, he played with his brother Uaroy Graves, who was also nearly blind and played the tambourine. They were credited as "Blind Roosevelt Graves and Brother". Their first recordings were made in 1929 for Paramount Records. Theirs is the earliest version recorded of the famous tune "Guitar Boogie", and they exemplified the very best in gospel singing with the classic "I'll Be Rested".

In 1936 they were located by talent broker H. C. Speir, who arranged for them to record in Hattiesburg, Mississippi, reportedly at the train station. For the session they were joined by local piano player Cooney Vaughn, who performed weekly on radio station WCOC in Meridian prior to World War II. The trio were billed on record as the Mississippi Jook Band. In all, they recorded four tracks at Hattiesburg for the American Record Company - "Barbecue Bust", "Hittin' The Bottle Stomp", "Dangerous Woman" and "Skippy Whippy". According to the Rolling Stone Illustrated History of Rock and Roll, these "...featured fully formed rock & roll guitar riffs and a stomping rock & roll beat".

The Graves Brothers did not record again. After the war, Roosevelt Graves is thought to have moved to Gulfport, Mississippi.

For a number of years, the subject of Uaroy's identity was disputed. In several books, magazine articles, and album liner notes that mentioned the Graves brothers, the names "Aaron" or "Leroy" were substituted for Uaroy, on the assumption that the otherwise unknown name Uaroy must have arisen due to the poor penmanship of a recording company employee whose handwritten notes were misinterpreted. This controversy was put to rest in 2004, when photographic copies of the Paramount files were posted to the internet and it could clearly be seen that the person who wrote up the recording session notes had written in a careful, almost printed hand, "Uaroy Graves." Read more about Blind Roosevelt Graves on User-contributed text is available under the Creative Commons By-SA License; additional terms may apply.

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